Protection of your home or building from fire is one of the most important precautions to be taken. Sometimes, it happens that people don’t take into account the actual damage fire can cause. As a result, it might lead to the loss of the dwelling, documents, and other precious items, apart from a risk of human deaths and ignition of residential areas or critical governmental buildings. Today, there are so many fire systems services on the market that you can get confused. In this article, let’s discuss the most common types of fire protection systems to choose from.
Types of fire protection system
Typically, fire system services are divided into two sections – active and passive. The passive fire protection system types consist of fire-resistant doors, floors, and walls installed. These systems allow firefighters to save time and extinguish the fire without spreading it on the floors. Passive types of fire protection are also effective for evacuating people and protecting buildings from the damage of fire, apart from slowing the fire down. On the other hand, active ones are intended to extinguish a fire by the active element and specific fire-detection modules. Different fire and protection services will suit the particular space and situation as well. Here are the widely used active fire protection services.
1. WATER SPRINKLER SYSTEMS
This type of fire protection system is mostly located in the ceiling. The water source is essential for water sprinkler systems to extinguish a flame, so many use city water. It works in cracking a sprinkler glass head by heat and making the water free to put out. Water sprinkler systems remain the most popular solution for extinguishing the fire, but we can’t be sure that this system is 100% effective for all cases. That is why it is worth considering other systems as well.
2. WATER FOG SYSTEMS
Same as the water sprinkler systems, water fog ones are typically located in the ceiling. However, these systems require additional hardware to make the water fog. The operation mechanism is quite simple – the sprinklers connect to tanks filled with distilled water and pressurized air. A fog generator is needed to decrease the water size to around 64 microns.
3. FOAM SUPPRESSION SYSTEM
This fire system service works similar to a water system but utilizes foam instead of water. Foam suppression systems might be medium or high expansion kinds.
4. GASEOUS CLEAN AGENTS
Gaseous clean agents are effective at the expense of flooding the room with a mix of inert gases to break the tetrahedron of a fire. These systems are the best variant for the rooms with computers or serve where the water can cause even more damage in case of emergency. The main downside of this fire protection system is that when inert gases displace oxygen, it may lead to suffocation.